Leukemias Specialist

Charleston Hematology Oncology Associates

Medical Oncology and Hematology Specialists located in Charleston, SC & Mt Pleasant, SC

Each year, more than 60,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with leukemia. The good news is that survival rates of this type of cancer have more than quadrupled since 1960 thanks to ever-advancing treatments. At Charleston Hematology Oncology Associates, the team of oncologists and hematologists provide these cutting-edge treatments to patients in and around Charleston, West Ashley, and Mt. Pleasant, South Carolina, arming them with the tools necessary to combat the disease. To learn more, call to schedule a consultation.

Leukemias

What are the main types of leukemia?

Leukemia is cancer that affects the tissues in your body that are responsible for making blood, namely your bone marrow and lymphatic system. While leukemia can attack any blood cell, it typically targets your white blood cells, rendering them unable to function properly, which, in turn, seriously hinders your ability to fight off infection.


Leukemia takes on several different forms, but the first distinction is whether your leukemia is acute or chronic. With acute leukemia, your body produces immature blood cells that multiply quickly, requiring prompt and aggressive treatment. In chronic forms of leukemia, the disease targets your mature blood cells, which multiply and build up more slowly.


The main types of leukemia that fall under either of these categories are:

Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)

This form of the disease, which starts in the bone marrow, typically strikes children — in fact, it’s the most common cancer among children in the United States, accounting for one-third of all cancer diagnoses. That said, ALL does affect adults as well.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)

AML is usually diagnosed in adults and starts in the bone marrow, but because it’s acute, it travels quickly to your blood and, eventually, onto your organs.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)

This type of the disease, which affects your white blood cells, typically develops in older adults and accounts for one-third of all leukemias.

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)

CML starts in your bone marrow and makes its way into your blood.

Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML)

Found mostly in older adults, this leukemia also forms in your bone marrow and travels to your blood.




How is leukemia diagnosed?


The doctors at Charleston Hematology Oncology Associates are experts in blood disorders and know exactly what to look out for when diagnosing leukemia. Using multiple blood tests, as well as a sample of your bone marrow, they can quickly determine whether your blood counts are off and look for leukemia-specific characteristics in your blood-producing tissue and blood.

How is leukemia treated?

Because there are so many different types of leukemia, there’s no one-size-fits-all treatment protocol. At Charleston Hematology Oncology Associates there are a number of effective therapies that successfully combat the disease, including:


  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Targeted drug therapies
  • Clinical trials


The doctors work with you to come up with a plan based on your health, your diagnosis, and your goals.


To learn more about diagnosing and treating leukemia, call Charleston Hematology Oncology Associates to schedule a consultation.

Notes:

References:

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemia.html

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/leukemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20374373

Service 2: Prostate Cancer

SOFT INTRO (50-100 words):

Outside of skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among men, affecting one in nine in the United States. However, most men are able to overcome the disease thanks to the advanced treatments the team at Charleston Hematology Oncology Associates provides to patients in the Charleston, West Ashley, and Mt. Pleasant, South Carolina, area. To learn more, call to book a consultation.

BODY CONTENT(350-400 words):

What are the main forms of prostate cancer?

The prostate is a small gland found only in men and it produces some of the liquid that carries semen. When cancer strikes, the cells in your prostate become abnormal and multiply as such, causing your prostate to enlarge. If these cells continue to develop unabated, the cancer can metastasize to other areas of your body, though the disease is typically slow growing and usually stays within the confines of the gland.

There are different types of prostate cancer, but adenocarcinomas make up the lion’s share of diagnoses. In rare cases, prostate cancer can present itself as:


  • Sarcomas
  • Small cell carcinomas
  • Neuroendocrine tumors
  • Transitional cell carcinomas


Again, these types of prostate cancer are most uncommon and the odds are that you’re dealing with the adenocarcinoma form of the disease.

How is prostate cancer diagnosed?

Prostate cancer may give you early signs in the form of a precancerous condition. While the jury is still out among researchers as to whether prostate cancer does develop first as a precancerous condition, there are a few tests to determine whether your cells may be acting abnormally.

The first, and most common test, is the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, which is a simple blood test to determine the levels of PSA in your blood.

The second test is called a prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN), where the doctors at Charleston Hematology Oncology Associates look for abnormal patterns of cells in your prostate and classify the results as either low-grade or high-grade. They conduct this test through a biopsy and the results don’t necessarily determine your risk for prostate cancer, though in 20% of cases with a high-grade PIN there’s cancer present.

The third test is to determine proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA). If your cells look smaller than normal and there’s some inflammation in your prostate, this could be a sign that something larger is at work.

If, however, during the biopsy your doctor finds cells that are cancerous, it’s time to discuss treatment options.

How is prostate cancer treated?

If the doctors at Charleston Hematology Oncology Associates confirm the presence of cancerous cells in your prostate, the next step is determining the aggressiveness of these cells, which will dictate your treatment.

If your doctor finds that your cancer isn’t aggressive, they usually just carefully monitor your situation. If through advanced diagnostic imaging and testing, they find that your cancer has spread, they turn to more aggressive treatments, such as:

  • Hormone therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy, including CyberKnife®
  • Immunotherapy
  • Surgery to remove the cancer cells or your prostate

To help you figure out how to best handle your prostate condition, call Charleston Hematology Oncology Associates to schedule a consultation.