October is Breast Cancer Awareness month. Here are some common terms used with regards to the diagnosis is breast cancer.

Benign: When something is not cancer.

BRCA-1 and BRCA-2: These two types of breast cancer susceptibility genes usually “help protect you from getting cancer,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains. “But when you have changes or mutations on one or both of your BRCA genes, cells are more likely to divide and change rapidly, which can lead to cancer.”

Carcinoma: The term signifies “cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs,” according to the charity Cancer Research UK.

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS): It’s “essentially a cell that looks like a breast cancer but it’s confined in the ducts” of the breast, Dr. Laura Spring with Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, told Fox News. It’s not yet able to spread distantly in the body, she explained.

BREAST CANCER SYMPTOMS TO LOOK OUT FOR

HER2/neu: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2/neu) is a type of “protein involved in cell growth and survival and appears on the surface of some breast cancer cells,” the Susan G. Komen website explains. Testing may be done to determine a patient’s HER2 status, which can indicate if there’s a high amount of HER2/neu in the cancer.

Invasive ductal carcinoma: A type of breast cancer that begins in cells lining a duct before it “breaks through the wall of the duct, and grows into the nearby breast tissues,” the American Cancer Society (ACS) says.

Invasive lobular cancer: This breast cancer type begins in glands called lobules, according to the ACS.

Lumpectomy: When a lump and some tissue is removed from a breast.

Malignant: When something is cancer.

Mammogram: This is a “low-dose x-ray that allows radiologists to look for changes in the breast,” said Dr. Elizabeth Arleo, a radiologist with NewYork Presbyterian and Weill Cornell Medicine. She explained that it “can find breast cancer early when it’s small even before a lump can be felt and it’s easiest to treat.”

 

Mastectomy: This refers to “surgery to remove a breast or part of a breast,” MedLine Plus says.

Metastasis: This describes cancer extending to other areas of the body, the CDC says.

Occult cancer: This is when cancer is “hidden” and accidentally found, Brufsky explained.

Systemic therapy: This is when treatments such as hormone therapy and chemotherapy affect the entire body, according to Brufsky.

Triple-negative: This describes when “tumor cells don’t have estrogen or progesterone receptors and also don’t have too much of the protein called HER2,” the ACS says.

Tumor grade: It’s a “measure of how quickly the tumor cells are dividing and how different they look compared to a normal cell,” according to Spring.

 

If you or anyone you know has been diagnosed with Breast Cancer. Please call our office here at CHOA to schedule and appointment at 843-577-6957.

 

 

Information taken from Fox New Health website.